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Examples of Fall Arrest Systems and Equipment

A fall arrest system includes a full body harness, an interconnecting sub system or component designed to arrest a fall from height and a suitable anchorage.

Retractable Type Fall Arrester - EN360
Retractable Type Fall Arrester - EN360
In the event of a fall this device will lock quickly, arresting the fall and bringing a person to an abrupt halt, reducing the dynamic loads imposed on the body at the same time via an integral shock absorbing system. They are available in may shapes and sizes, from 2.5m to 60m in length. Some also have retrieval facilities for use in emergency situations.
Shock Absorbing Lanyards – EN354/355
Shock Absorbing Lanyards – EN354/355
Available in lengths upto, but never exceeding 2m, lanyards must have energy absorbers to comply with European Standards. In a fall a user will travel the length of the lanyard before the fall is arrested. Also useful as restraining devices to prevent people from getting too close to the edge of a building.
Guided Type Fall Arresters on a Rigid Anchor Line – EN353-1
Guided Type Fall Arresters on a Rigid Anchor Line – EN353-1
Available in a number of formats these systems are usually installed to assist in vertical ascent and descent. An energy dissipating element can be incorporated into the mobile fall arrester, lanyard or securing support.
Guided Type Fall Arresters on a Flexible Anchor Line – EN353-2
Guided Type Fall Arresters on a Flexible Anchor Line – EN353-2
Usually a nylon or braided safety rope incorporating a guided type fall arrester with an energy dissipation element. Good for roof working, ladder access and pylon work.
Work Positioning Devices/Restraint Belts – EN358/EN359
Work Positioning Devices/Restraint Belts – EN358/EN359 These devices are designed for workers who are required to work at heights, on poles and other structues in a supported position that will enable them to have both hands free for working. These devices are NOT intended for fall arrest.
Harnesses – EN361/prEN1496/1497/1498/020895
Harnesses – EN361/prEN1496/1497/1498/020895

In a work situation where there is a fall potential a full body harness must be worn. Many varieties are available, from harnesses with a single rear D ring, to full multi-purpose harnesses with elasticated webbing and lumbar support. Other types regularly in use include sit harnesses, rescue harnesses and even harnesses with built in life jackets.

Chest and rear D rings only should be used for fall arrest purposes.

Descent Devices
Descent Devices
These allow a person to move from a higher position to a lower position in a controlled manner. Some do this automatically, whilst others can be controlled manually by the user. They are often used for rescue purposes from cranes, towers and high level access equipment.
Anchor Devices – EN795/BS7883
Anchor Devices – EN795/BS7883
These come in a number of different varieties and you must never use an anchor device that does not conform to a European Standard or has not been constructed and installed for the purpose of fall arrest/restraint by a professional company that has been able to calculate the dynamic loads that might be imposed on the structure and device.



Class A1 Structural anchors designed to be secured to vertical, horizontal and inclined surfaces such as lintels, walls and columns. E.G. Safety Eye Bolts
Class A2 Structural anchors designed to be secured to inclined roofs
Class B Transportable temporary anchor devices such as tripods, cross beams and girder clamps
Class C Anchor devices employing horizontal flexible lines. Systems such as Ariana, Uniline, Latchways and Sayfglida
Class D Anchor devices employing horizontal rigid anchor rails. Systems such as Hercule Closed Track
Class E Dead weight anchors for use on horizontal surfaces

REMEMBER: An anchorage device is only as good as the structure it is fixed to and the way in which it has been fixed. EN795 and BS7883 set out the standards that are required to be met when considering anchor devices. Copies are available from the British Standards Institute


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